Category Archives: Medical

The BOETT Sweet Itch Blanket… every heard of it? Me neither but , but if your horse is suffering from small, unseen bugs, Read On!


The BOETT Sweet Itch Blanket… every heard of it?  Me neither, but if your horse is suffering from small, unseen bugs, Read On!

Well, it is exactly the wrong season to be talking about midges and sweet itch since Summer just finished.  But, I just learned about the Boett Blanket and I figured, ‘better late than never’.

Besides, there may be a few of you who are still churning from the midge attacks recently… This may be your answer!

The Boett Blanket keeps the midges away!



I had never heard of the Boett Blanket for severe sweet itch.

In fact, I never really contemplated severe sweet itch because none of my horses have severe sweet itch.

I mean, BG has ‘not-so severe’ sweet itch that I protect with Equi-Spa’s THE BALM.  That works fine for her.  But… as I read all about severe sweet itch and those dreaded midge flies, I pondered BG’s affliction a bit more.

I think she might have a more severe case than I’ve noticed.  I think she rubs her ears and a part of her mane because of those dastardly evening midges instead of the other excuses I had applied to her symptoms.

Hmmmmm.  And it all started via an email I received from a reader.


(My horse) was on antibiotics 4 times a day for over 3 months.  His vet and I believe that this damaged his immune system and that is what led him to such extreme bug bite sensitivity (sweet itch).  His first summer he was itchy.  His second summer was worse.  By the summer of 2010 he was miserable.  He would spend hours and hours finding ways to itch himself, especially his belly and face.  We tried everything.  Heavy duty probiotics, digestive enzymes and antioxidants, every topical spray and cream I could find, fly sheets and masks (not very helpful and too hot)….. benedryl was not a help and the vet and I both agreed that cortisone would be a very last resort.  By the end of last summer he was a mess.  He had rubbed off his mane, forelock, and most of his tail.  He had developed a hard patch of scar tissue on his belly and his face was rubbed raw.  Please understand that he was under treatment, we weren’t just sitting back and letting him suffer, we just weren’t having much success. Clearly something had to change.  Someone told my vet about the Boett blanket which was invented in Sweden for horses with severe sweet itch.  The Boett is NOT a fly sheet.  It is a different type of material and is designed to be able to be worn 24/7. We decided to give it a try.  The US dealer I found online was Estelle’s Safety Reflective Wear .  There are directions for proper measuring and then she asks some questions about breed, etc. to be sure you are ordering the correct size.  Chancellor was a bit unsure of this contraption at first but he very quickly learned it was helping him.  We got to the point where if we had to take it off him for some reason he would quickly wind himself up into almost a panic.  His blanket is off for the season now and what a difference from last year!  He has a beautiful, soft coat.  The scar tissue on his belly is gone.  He has a LONG and beautiful head of hair.  The only minor issue I had was what to do with his mane under the blanket/ face mask.  I did braid it but still ended up with a huge mat.  But the best thing of course is seeing how relaxed and content he was this summer.  And I have to say he never came close to overheating in the blanket, even when we had a couple days over 100 degrees which is unheard of here. 

This is the reader’s horse, Chance, in his Boett blanket which changed his life.



The site was very robust.  I don’t know if there is more attention to sweet-itch in the UK or what… but there are more articles about it in the UK and most of the blankets are sold in the UK…

In any event, here is what the site says about sweet itch symptoms:

Sweet Itch, or Summer Seasonal Recurrent Dermatitis (SSRD), is a problem that affects thousands of horses, ponies and donkeys in many countries of the world to a greater or lesser degree. Virtually all breeds and types of ponies and breeds can be affected, from tiny Shetland ponies to heavyweight draught horses, although the condition is rare in English Thoroughbreds. In South Australia reports say that as many as 60% of horses and ponies are affected. About 5% of the UK horse population are thought to suffer. Although known by different names (e.g. Sommer Ekzem in Germany, Kasen in Japan, Queensland Itch in Australia), the symptoms are the same.

Symptoms include severe pruritus [itching], hair loss, skin thickening and flaky dandruff. Exudative dermatitis [weeping sores, sometimes with a yellow crust of dried serum] may occur. Without attention sores can suffer secondary infection.

The top of the tail and the mane are most commonly affected. The neck, withers, hips, ears and forehead, and in more severe cases, the mid-line of the belly, the saddle area, the sides of the head, the sheath or udder and the legs may also suffer.

The animal may swish its tail vigorously, roll frequently and attempt to scratch on anything within reach. It may pace endlessly and seek excessive mutual grooming from field companions. When kept behind electric fencing with nothing on which to rub, sufferers may scratch out their mane with their hind feet and bite vigorously at their own tail, flanks and heels. They may drag themselves along the ground to scratch their belly or sit like a dog and propel themselves round to scratch the top of their tail on the ground.

There can be a marked change in temperament – lethargy with frequent yawning and general lack of ‘sparkle’ may occur, or the horse may become agitated, impatient and, when ridden, lack concentration. When flying insects are around he may become agitated, with repeated head shaking.

Diagnosis is not usually difficult – the symptoms and its seasonal nature (spring, summer and autumn) are strong indicators. However symptoms can persist well into the winter months, with severely affected cases barely having cleared up before the onslaught starts again the following spring.

Horses that go on to develop Sweet Itch usually show signs of the disease between the ages of one and five and it is common for the symptoms to appear first in the autumn.

There is anecdotal evidence that stress (e.g moving to a new home, sickness, or severe injury) can be a factor when mature animals develop Sweet Itch.

Hereditary predisposition may be a factor in Sweet Itch and work to identify the gene(s) responsible is at an early stage. However environmental factors play a major part – where the horse is born and where it lives as an adult are at least as significant as the bloodlines of its sire and dam.

Sweet Itch is not contagious, although if conditions are particularly favourable to a high Culicoides midge population, more than one horse in the field may show symptoms.

In the UK Sweet Itch is classed by Vets as a reportable condition, which must be disclosed by an owner to a prospective purchaser before the sale. For the purpose of a vetting the allergy may be regarded as seriously as an unsoundness.


Most of the midge defying blankets are made and sold in Europe.  There are a few here and the main one is Boett.  You can purchase it in two places.  The first was listed above and it is Estelle’s Reflective Wear linked here.

The other is BoettUSA linked here.

From what everyone says, the Blanket:

–does not interfere with a horse’s normal activity

–can be worn 24/7

–the horses quickly learn to love their new friend the blanket…

–it moves and breathes

–is easily washed

–can be worn in 100 degree weather

Wow!  Sounds great!


I found this on the website:

There is only ONE Boett Blanket and it has Boett logo on the tail cover. There are cheaper copies described as being “Just like a Boett” – beware, they are not! – no other manufacturer has access to the unique and clever Second Generation Boett fabric, one of the reasons for Boett’s worldwide success.

The Boett (pronounced Bo-ett, as in Go-get!) Blanket was invented in Sweden twenty one years ago to offer protection to horses and ponies suffering from insect-bite allergy. It has been continually developed since then and is now used around the World as the best way to manage Sweet Itch, whilst avoiding undesirable side effects.

  • The blanket is made from a unique purpose-designed fabric, (not a mesh) which midges cannot bite through. It offers COMPLETE protection to all parts of the horse that it covers and the soft fabric does not damage the hair.
  • The fabric is light but strong, so the horse can wear the blanket 24 hours a day, month after month, in total comfort.
  • It is highly breathable and over-heating does not occur – the blanket has a ‘parasol’ effect that helps to keep the horse cool in full sun.
  • Its grease and water-repellent properties mean that it does not become clogged with grease or hair and it will soon dry after rain.
  • The fabric has sufficient ‘give’ to allow freedom of movement and the clever blanket design ensures that normal horse activities – rolling, mutual grooming, galloping etc. – can continue.
  • All seams are elasticised and straps are fully adjustable to ensure a good fit. Full fitting instructions are supplied.
  • The blanket is quickly removed for riding and one application of insect repellent to the horse at that time usually ensures a bite-free ride. Some owners ride with the blanket in place.
  • During early spring and late summer the blanket can be worn under a rug if required.
  • Horses wearing the blanket keep their full manes and tails and have glossy, clean coats.
  • The Blanket is machine washable and can be tumble-dried. If necessary, the fabric is easily repaired using ‘Copydex’ adhesive or by patching with a domestic sewing machine.
  • The life of the blanket – typically 3 years on mares and 2 years on geldings (more playful!).
  • There are fourteen sizes, in three colours – dark brown/black, bright chestnut and light grey.

Ideally the horse should start wearing the blanket before symptoms appear, but even later in the season, once the blanket is fitted, sores will quickly heal and mane and tail growth restart. Typically it will take from one to three weeks after the blanket is fitted for damaged skin cells to recover and itchiness to decline. Horses wearing the blanket all summer keep their full manes and tails and have glossy, clean coats and those susceptible to sun sensitivity and contact nettle rash are also helped.

The Boett is different from other designs of horse blanket and should fit snugly, apart from the neck where there is ample fabric to ensure full cover when the horse puts his head down to graze. It covers the neck, the body and the tail and consists of two separate pieces: The mane, neck, body and tail-piece is fitted over the head (it is extremely rare for a horse to object to this) and there is an elastic neck band which adjusts behind the ears for a snug fit. The separate adjustable belly-flap is attached over the blanket with two elastic surcingles and a chest strap. It takes only a couple of minutes to fit.

The Boett Blanket and Hood fabric is resilient. It is strong enough to withstand normal horse activities – rolling, mutual grooming, galloping etc. Horses being horses, it must however allow an animal to break free should it become hooked-up on anything. For this reason common sense should be applied to the use of the blanket if it is not to get torn. Electric fencing is ideal for horses with Sweet Itch, considerably prolonging the life of the blanket. Barbed wire is totally inappropriate and certain types of hedging or rough stone walls can also cause damage to a seriously itchy animal. If that animal just happens to be wearing a brand new blanket the outcome can be disastrous. The animal’s environment should therefore be checked for protruding nails, jagged branches on hedges or trees and other sharp objects that could cause damage.

Boett of Sweden are justifiably proud of their workmanship and quality control-blankets never ‘self destruct’ while the horse is grazing! If a blanket does suffer damage the reason is usually obvious- unsuitable field boundaries or even an aggressive herd leader’s teeth can be responsible. It makes sense to take steps to avoid these potential problems. Experience shows that, on average, a blanket will last for three years on mares and two years on geldings… . boys will be boys!

Horses at grass, including mares with foals at foot, can wear the blanket permanently to great benefit, 24 hours per day, every day, all summer long. Indeed, a significant number of horses even wear the blanket during mild spells in winter when midges can be on the wing. Individuals that require stabling should continue to wear their blanket inside, unless the building is completely midge-free – very difficult to achieve. The Blanket can be worn under a rug in late autumn and early spring, though care should be taken to make sure over-heating doesn’t occur.

Horses and ponies realize very quickly that the blanket makes them more comfortable – as far as they are concerned the benefits are such that, other than when the blanket is in the washing machine, there is no good reason to remove it.

boett blanket.
boett blanket in grey.
boett blanket in bright chestnut.

The Boett Hood

Two out of three horses with Sweet Itch suffer damage to the head area. The ears, forehead and around the eyes are commonly affected. For these animals the Boett Hood offers protection. It has ample adjustment and is secured to the blanket by a loop behind the ears, a long elastic strap, which is fastened to a point inside the blanket by the wither area and by two snap-clips below the cheeks. No head collar is required.

As with the blanket, horses rarely object to the fitting and use of the hood. There are eight sizes of hood.

Other items we recommend are:

The Midge Mask

Prevents damage around the eye and protects the face from forehead to muzzle. The mask also stops fly-borne ‘runny-eye’ infections and is suitable for all horses, ponies and donkeys. Unlike the Boett Hood, the midge mask does not protect the ears.


Handsome and happy! Midge-free!


From what I’ve read, these blankets are the absolute panacea for the horrible cycle of itch!  I mean, angels sing, according to owners with suffering horses.

The blankets are around $245 (which includes the belly wrap) and the additional hood is around $90.

For me, I think I will get the hood for sure for BG.   I think she would so relish not having to worry about midges in her ears and nose.  The Boett Hood is on my list!

Let me know if you try it!!  And remember that there is a solution for next season!

I need to get this for BG! She needs her ears covered.



Boett USA


I don’t really think there is any competition in the US.  Or at least I couldn’t find any.

But, in the UK, there are other brands which have probably migrated over her somewhere on Ebay or Craigslist or somewhere.

Here is the competition (Thank you, Natural Horse Resource…):

The DeMeulenkamp rug features strong elastic and three girth straps to prevent sagging around the belly. The blanket is sent in a bag that can be cut up and used as spare material, but the supplier will also send out extra material and mask material for a small charge on request to help you deal with wear and tear. Size information can be found here. The picture above shows a DeMeulenkamp rug and a Boett hood.


The Pagony has been designed with less hardwearing material, so it’s cheaper than the Boett or DeMeulenkamp. It is ideal for less severe Sweet Itch sufferers and works really well as a back up or spare while the ‘main’ blanket is being repaired or washed. It is highly recommended to have more than one blanket as they only work through prevention. Once the horse starts itching, they will scratch with the blanket on – thus threatening the coverage of the blanket through tearing or ripping. Mud and dirt encourage flies so you may wish to wash the stinky rug from time to time, which is when a spare rug will come in very handy!

Snuggy Hoods
The Snuggy Hoods range of rugs and hoods are designed to be worn 24/7 and the various sizes available can be viewed here. Also in the range are leg covers that offer greater coverage for your horse against midges. Snuggy Hoods offers an impressive after sales service including alterations, repairs and advice for the life of the product, which might mean that perhaps you could ditch that sewing machine after all!

For an basic overview on the causes and treatment of Sweet Itch, please visit part one of this series on Sweet Itch on the Natural Horse Resource.


WE ARE ALMOST THERE!!  Our Starved Bucket Fund horse for July, MG, is doing better but has a long way to go.  Please help if you can!  He is perking up and we're pretty sure he will make it!  Click here!

WE ARE ALMOST THERE!! Our Starved Bucket Fund horse for July, MG, is doing better but has a long way to go. Please help if you can! He is perking up and we’re pretty sure he will make it! Click here!

HORSE AND MAN is a blog in growth... if you like this, please pass it around!

I HAPPENED UPON AN EQUINE EMERGENCY LAST NIGHT – It ended up OK – here is the story…

(This is not an ad.  I do not receive money or product or any kind of compensation to write stories like this.)


I told my friend, Leslie, that I would drop by her house to pick up a copy of her new book!

I arrived around 6pm.

Leslie is an artist so I always love to see what she’s done to her ranch after I haven’t been there in a while… As expected, the place looked darling with several lovely new appointments.

When I heard Leslie’s voice, I turned to greet her.

She was dripping in perspiration.



Leslie brought me over to Sam who was off in a corner, pawing the ground.  He wanted to go back down.

Leslie offered that he had just pooped and had gut sounds, but he wouldn’t eat or drink.  She had taken his temp and hosed him down, given him Banamine, but he was not right…

To me, he looked like a horse who was in colic.

She told me that she was waiting for the vet to call back.  But, it was after 6pm and Leslie lived way out in the country.  Nothing was going to happen fast.

“I can go back home and get my ‘Stops Colic’…”, I said to my desperate friend.

She took another look at her precious Sam who was going down again…

“OK – Go!” was her response.

So, I did.


I pushed my Jeep as fast as it could go through the back country hills and blind curves.  I knew the fear and panic that sets in when my horse has had colic.  I didn’t want Leslie to suffer that.

It took me 30 minutes to arrive home.

I threw hay at my horses, told MT that she would have to take care of herself for a while, I grabbed the Say Whoa to Colic remedy I have in my cupboard and hopped back into my Jeep.

(I tell myself to always have two bottles at any time so that I could always use one and have another … but I hadn’t replaced the last remedy I used so I only had one.  I told the horsegods to not let anyone get sick before I could replace it.)

I raced back.

This is a photo of Leslie riding Sam.  The other horse is her gelding, Oscar.

This is a photo of Leslie riding Sam. The other horse is her gelding, Oscar.  (Photo by Lesley Deutsch)


When I arrived back at Leslie’s, I told myself to be calm so that the administration of the remedy would go smoothly.

Leslie had moved Sam into the round pen and was making him circle.  She said the vet had called back, but he was out of town and had told her to keep Sam moving for 2 hours.  Sam had been up and down a few times and Leslie was frightened because it took so much work to get him up once he was down… she was afraid she wouldn’t have the strength if he went down again.

I went into her house and got a glass of water and a Tupperware tub.

I poured the remedy into the Tupperware tub and gave Leslie the syringe.

–As an aside, when I arrived with the remedy, I could tell that Leslie had total faith that what I said was true.  If he had regular colic (not a twisted gut), this would work.  I could tell that my arrival put her at ease.  She was confident in my confidence.  ‘It better work’, I said to myself.  I knew how much this horse meant to Leslie.–

She filled the syringe and put it in Sam’s mouth.  She tipped his huge head up and held it there so he would swallow.  The first time, Sam wasn’t sure about the flavor.  By the second syringe full, he was OK with it.  By the third syringe, he was licking his lips.   Then we followed that with a few syringes of water to flush it all down.

While all this was going on, the other horses gathered around and sniffed.  One started licking Leslie’s hand.  Another licked the Tupperware container.  All were wanting some of whatever Sam had…   I think the flavor of Stops Colic is different but appealing to the horses…

Anyway, almost as soon as we gave Sam the remedy, he perked up a bit.  We stayed there with him and conversed with each other and the other horses.  Sam seemed to calm down and relax…

Soon thereafter, Leslie brought Sam out of the round pen and he immediately started to drink from the trough.  A very good sign.

She unhaltered him and let him loose with the other horses.  They all came up to watch the humans sitting in chairs who were watching the horses – especially Sam.

He stood right in front of us.

Sam:  “I know you want to watch me… is this a good spot.  Right here?”

I hadn't thought about taking photos  until this one... it is Sam drinking out of the trough after we had given him the remedy.

I hadn’t thought about taking photos until this one… it is Sam drinking out of the trough after we had given him the remedy.  Concerned Leslie is standing watch.

This is Sam following Leslie up to the seating area where we would wait and observe him.
This is Sam following Leslie up to the seating area where we would wait and observe him.


For the next half hour, Leslie and I chatted while we kept hawk eyes on Sam – who stayed right in front of us.

As every minute ticked by, his demeanor brightened.  By the end of the half hour, he was ‘ears up’ and behaving like himself again.

I felt comfortable to leave.

Here he is in his position in front of us... he didn't move so we were able to watch his perkiness come back.  He transformed in front of us.  His pain was subsiding.

Here he is in his position in front of us… he didn’t move so we were able to watch his perkiness come back. Sam transformed in front of us. His pain was subsiding.  (Look at the size of his feet.  He is 18 hands!)


When I arrived home, there was an email from Leslie…  She said that Sam was back to his old self.  He ate his dinner with gusto and was THE BOSS again.  Bright and happy.

I cannot tell you how relieved I was to know this.  I could not imagine if she lost him.

When I was leaving, I told Sam I wanted to take his pic so he looked right at me, "I'm good, you can leave now..."

When I was leaving, I told Sam I wanted to take his pic so he looked right at me, “I’m good, you can leave now…”


For me, I’m never without the Stops Colic remedy… Over the 25 years I’ve lived with horses and lived through a few colics, I’ve had Banamine.   But the Stops Colic works so much faster and so clearly.  For me, every time I’ve used it, it has worked.

I would never not call the vet… but I always administer the Stops Colic while I’m waiting for the vet to arrive.  Each time, the vet has ended up arriving and doing nothing because the horse was better.

Again, they don’t pay me, I don’t get free product (I wish) and I have no affiliation.

It just works and I want to encourage all of you to have a remedy on the shelf.  Maybe you or your dear friend/neighbor might need it.

As I was leaving, I saw my discards right where i left them... so I took a pic before I cleaned up.

As I was leaving, I saw my discards right where i left them… so I took a pic before I cleaned up.  The syringe wrapper, the case, the empty glass of water and the Tupperware container I used to transfer the remedy so it was easier to suck up with the syringe.


There are two companies that sell the same product.  One is ECR (Equine Colic Relief) and the other is SayWhoa! by Stops Colic.  These two companies fight with each other.  I have used both products and they both work.


Leslie and her boy, Sam…  I’m glad they can both rest easily tonight.


This is MG tonight!  I'm told he is a nickering fool when food is happening... His personality is returning!  We are almost there!!  To donate, please click the image!

This is MG, our July Bucket Fund horse, tonight! I’m told he is a nickering fool when food is happening… His personality is returning! We are almost there!! To donate, please click the image!

HORSE AND MAN is a blog in growth... if you like this, please pass it around!